Mit viel Witz setzt er den Narrativen der Geschichtsklitterer seine eigenen Geschichten entgegen. Zudem veranschaulicht der Beginn ein weiteres wichtiges Thema: die Erinnerung. There are so many people have been read this book. The largest concentrations of bankrupt firms and lay-offs were in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Kosovo. Jederzeit in allen Dingen waren sie für mich da – Gesprächspartner, Freund, Ratgeber. Dazu kommen Freunde und Bekannte in Deutschland und in Bosnien. Deutschlehrer: Ein für Saša wichtiger Lehrer, da er auf wichtige Themen aufmerksam macht. This concession satisfied Croatia and Slovenia, but in Serbia and in the new autonomous province of Kosovo, reaction was different. The Serbs in Croatia proclaimed "Serb autonomous areas", later united into the Republic of Serb Krajina. Prince Paul submitted to the fascist pressure and signed the Tripartite Pact in Vienna on 25 March 1941, hoping to still keep Yugoslavia out of the war. The very instrument that reduced Serbian influence before was now used to increase it: in the eight-member Council, Serbia could now count on four votes at a minimum: Serbia proper, then-loyal Montenegro, Vojvodina, and Kosovo. 500 US soldiers were then deployed under the UN banner to monitor Macedonia's northern borders with the Republic of Serbia. In other words, in less than two years "the trigger mechanism" (under the Financial Operations Act) had led to the layoff of more than 600,000 workers out of a total industrial workforce of the order of 2.7 million. The unresolved issues however remained. Remembrance of the time of the joint state and its positive attributes is referred to as Yugonostalgia. Unter jedem Satz dieses Romans wartet die unverfügbare Herkunft, die gleichzeitig der Antrieb des Erzählens ist. Zu den Folgen des Umbruchs in Österreich und Jugoslawien nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg, ed. Marshal Tito was now in full control, and all opposition elements were eliminated.. ], 248 firms were declared bankrupt or were liquidated and 89,400 workers were laid off. Later, the government renamed the country leading to the first official use of Yugoslavia in 1929. Subsequent data gathering in the 1980s by historians Vladimir Žerjavić and Bogoljub Kočović showed that the actual number of dead was about 1 million. The Yugoslav federation was constructed against a double background: an inter-war Yugoslavia which had been dominated by the Serbian ruling class; and a war-time division of the country, as Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany split the country apart and endorsed an extreme Croatian nationalist faction called the Ustaše. (…) Ich stehe hier, um eine andere Literatur zu feiern. A census taken in 1921 and later in 1948 show that 99% of the population appeared to be deeply involved with their religion and practices. As a result of these events, ethnic Albanian miners in Kosovo organised the 1989 Kosovo miners' strike, which dovetailed into ethnic conflict between the Albanians and the non-Albanians in the province. This state aspired to the status of sole legal successor to the SFRY, but those claims were opposed by the other former republics. The Yugoslav Partisans were able to expel the Axis from Serbia in 1944 and the rest of Yugoslavia in 1945. The Chetniks were initially supported by the exiled royal government and the Allies, but they soon focused increasingly on combating the Partisans rather than the occupying Axis forces. This angered Serbia's leadership which proceeded to use police force, and later even the Federal Army was sent to the province by the order of the Serbia-held majority in the Yugoslav Presidency Council. However, none were killed in the incident. Großvater Petar („Pero“) Stanišić ist schon lange tot, als Kristina ihn auf dem Berg Vijarac suchen will. Aus einem Lebenslauf für die Ausländerbehörde wurde ein autofiktionaler Roman: In „Herkunft“ sucht Saša Stanišić bei Lebenden und Toten nach Antworten auf die Frage, wer er ist. Supported and pressured by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, Croatian leader Vladko Maček and his party managed the creation of the Banovina of Croatia (Autonomous Region with significant internal self-government) in 1939. Serbian "customs tax" for Slovene products) against the two, but as the year progressed, other republics' communist parties saw the inevitability of the democratisation process; in December, as the last member of the federation, Serbia held parliamentary elections which confirmed former communists' rule in this republic. The Partisans initiated a guerrilla campaign that developed into the largest resistance army in occupied Western and Central Europe. Die Rechte am Buch für Ausgaben in anderen Sprachen wurden vom Verlag in die Länder Bulgarien (Colibri), China (Horizon), Kroatien (Fraktura), Dänemark (Batzer), Frankreich (Stock), Griechenland (Hestia), Italien (Keller), Südkorea (EunHaeng NaMu), Nordmazedonien (Antolog), Niederlande (Ambo Anthos), Norwegen (Cappelen Damm), Rumänien (Paralela 45), Slowakei (Ikar) und Spanien (Angle) verkauft. Das Werk ist nicht streng chronologisch geschrieben. The regime stifled the public protest and incarcerated the leaders, but many key Croatian representatives in the Party silently supported this cause, lobbying within the Party ranks for a reorganisation of the country. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000. Bollettino dell'Associazione Roman di Entomologia (1984) 39(1-4):11-18. New York, 1994, Hayden, Robert M.: Blueprints for a House Divided: The Constitutional Logic of the Yugoslav Conflicts. Ein „Selbstporträt mit Ahnen“ wird so zum Roman eines Europas der Lebenswege.“, In seiner Rede aus Anlass der Verleihung des Deutschen Buchpreises kritisierte Saša Stanišić die Entscheidung, den Nobelpreis für Literatur 2019 an Peter Handke zu vergeben, wegen dessen Parteinahme für Slobodan Milošević und den serbischen Nationalismus. A small faction of Bosniak nationalists joined the Axis forces and attacked Serbs while extreme Serb nationalists engaged in attacks on Bosniaks and Croats. During the first nine months of 1990 directly following the adoption of the IMF programme, another 889 enterprises with a combined work-force of 525,000 workers suffered the same fate. Saša Stanišić pendelt zwischen Autobiografie und Roman, zwischen Geschichte und Recherche. Tito, whose home republic was Croatia, was concerned over the stability of the country and responded in a manner to appease both Croats and Serbs: he ordered the arrest of the Croat protestors, while at the same time conceding to some of their demands. In the same month, the Army leaders met with the Presidency of Yugoslavia in an attempt to get them to declare a state of emergency which would allow for the army to take control of the country. In June 2006, Montenegro became an independent nation after the results of a May 2006 referendum, therefore rendering Serbia and Montenegro no longer existent. This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 11:00. On 9 January 1992, the self-proclaimed Bosnian Serb assembly proclaimed a separate "Republic of the Serb people of Bosnia and Herzegovina". Die Aachener Zeitung schreibt dazu: „Stanisic (…) sammelt Erinnerungsfragmente und verbindet sie erzählerisch. , After the rise of communism, a survey taken in 1964 showed that just over 70% of the total population of Yugoslavia considered themselves to be religious believers. Ich danke meinem fantastischen Verlag. Ich danke der Jury. herkunft în româneşte. The entire kingdom was to be federalised but World War II stopped the fulfillment of those plans. Date: 30 March 2015: Source: Own work using: Yugoslavia (1946-1990) location map.svg by NordNordWest: Author: NordNordWest: This map has been made or improved in the German Kartenwerkstatt (Map Lab). Croatia also embarked upon the illegal import of arms, (following the disarmament of the republics' armed forces by the federal army) mainly from Hungary, and were under constant surveillance which produced a video of a secret meeting between the Croatian Defence minister Martin Špegelj and the two men, filmed by the Yugoslav counter-intelligence (KOS, Kontra-obavještajna služba). View sold price and similar items: EUROPÄISCHE MÜNZEN UND MEDAILLEN. Elsewhere, tensions were running high. In 1986, the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts drafted a memorandum addressing some burning issues concerning the position of Serbs as the most numerous people in Yugoslavia. Der Autor schreibt liebevoll und poetisch, vor allem um Figuren und Personen zu beschreiben. The Serbo-Croatian language is linguistically a single language, with several literary and spoken variants since the language of the government was imposed where other languages dominated (Slovenia, Macedonia). On 7 April 1963, the nation changed its official name to Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Josip Broz Tito was named President for life. Der letzte, in Form eines Pen-&-Paper-Rollenspiels gestaltete Teil, wechselt aus der Ich-Perspektive in die 2. From the 11th to the 15th century, agriculture in Lusatia developed and colonization by Frankish, Flemish and Saxon settlers intensified. "Yugoslavia: "Down with the Red Bourgeoisie! In turn, the Slovenes, supported by Croats, sought to reform Yugoslavia by devolving even more power to republics, but were voted down. In late March 1991, the Plitvice Lakes incident was one of the first sparks of open war in Croatia. From 1993 to 2017, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia tried political and military leaders from the former Yugoslavia for war crimes, genocide, and other crimes committed during those wars. For most of the time, the Slovene and Serbian delegations were arguing over the future of the League of Communists and Yugoslavia. Für „Herkunft“ wird Sasa Stanisic mit dem Deutschen Buchpreis 2019 geehrt. After the breakup, the republics of Montenegro and Serbia formed a reduced federative state, Serbia and Montenegro, known officially until 2003 as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY). Verfügbar wird sie nur als Fragment, als Fiktion und als Spiel mit den Möglichkeiten der Geschichte. Informaţii despre herkunft în dicţionarul hallo.ro. The turnout was somewhere between 64–67% and 98% of the voters voted for independence. The Serbian delegation, led by Milošević, insisted on a policy of "one person, one vote", which would empower the plurality population, the Serbs. In 1943, a Democratic Federal Yugoslavia was proclaimed by the Partisan resistance. The referendum was largely boycotted by the Bosnian Serbs.  However, Alexander's policies later encountered opposition from other European powers stemming from developments in Italy and Germany, where Fascists and Nazis rose to power, and the Soviet Union, where Joseph Stalin became absolute ruler. Tito's regional goal was to expand south and take control of Albania and parts of Greece. In particular, Slovenia and Croatia elected governments oriented towards greater autonomy of the republics (under Milan Kučan and Franjo Tuđman, respectively), since it became clear that Serbian domination attempts and increasingly different levels of democratic standards were becoming increasingly incompatible. From the start, the Yugoslav resistance forces consisted of two factions: the communist-led Yugoslav Partisans and the royalist Chetniks, with the former receiving Allied recognition only at the Tehran conference (1943). 20 Österreichis [clarification needed]. This was despite the fact that the Yugoslav Army refused to abandon its military infrastructure on the top of the Straža Mountain up to the year 2000. But this was at the expense of popular support for Paul's regency. heraus, und zwar über die adjektivische Form. Real earnings were in a free fall and social programmes had collapsed; creating within the population an atmosphere of social despair and hopelessness. Reale Hintergründe für die im Roman beschrieben Situationen liegen in der Biographie des Autors Saša Stanišić. Hauptpersonen des Romans sind neben dem Autor und Erzähler seine Eltern sowie seine Großeltern. In Slovenia the recognized minorities were Hungarians and Italians. The heavily pro-Serbian Chetniks were led by Draža Mihajlović, while the pan-Yugoslav oriented Partisans were led by Josip Broz Tito. President Josip Broz Tito gradually stopped the protests by giving in to some of the students' demands and saying that "students are right" during a televised speech. Im Juli 2020 wurde sie fortgesetzt. Der Autor adelt die Leser mit seiner großen Phantasie und entlässt sie aus den Konventionen der Chronologie, des Realismus und der formalen Eindeutigkeit. In January 1990, the extraordinary 14th Congress of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia was convened. In some strategic places, the Yugoslav Army acted as a buffer zone; in most others it was protecting or aiding Serbs with resources and even manpower in their confrontation with the new Croatian army and their police force. Ethnic Serbs, who had created their own state Republic of Serbian Krajina in heavily Serb-populated regions resisted the police forces of the Republic of Croatia who were trying to bring that breakaway region back under Croatian jurisdiction.